Article From:https://www.cnblogs.com/pupilheart/p/9052274.html
  1 def abs(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
  2     """ Return the absolute value of the argument. """
  3     pass
  4 #abs(*args, **kwargs)#Returns the absolute value of the parameter to receive any data type.
  5 #?How does absolute value receive numerical results of unexpected types? (false, should not be accepted)
  6 
  7 def all(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
  8     """
  9     Return True if bool(x) is True for all values x in the iterable.
 10 
 11     If the iterable is empty, return True.
 12     """
 13     pass
 14 
 15 
 16 def any(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 17     """
 18     Return True if bool(x) is True for any x in the iterable.
 19 
 20     If the iterable is empty, return False.
 21     """
 22     pass
 23 
 24 
 25 def ascii(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 26     """
 27     Return an ASCII-only representation of an object.
 28 
 29     As repr(), return a string containing a printable representation of an
 30     object, but escape the non-ASCII characters in the string returned by
 31     repr() using \\x, \\u or \\U escapes. This generates a string similar
 32     to that returned by repr() in Python 2.
 33     """
 34     pass
 35 
 36 
 37 def bin(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown; NOTE: unreliably restored from __doc__
 38     """
 39     Return the binary representation of an integer.
 40 
 41        >>> bin(2796202)
 42        '0b1010101010101010101010'
 43     """
 44     pass
 45 
 46 
 47 def callable(i_e_, some_kind_of_function):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
 48     """
 49     Return whether the object is callable (i.e., some kind of function).
 50 
 51     Note that classes are callable, as are instances of classes with a
 52     __call__() method.
 53     """
 54     pass
 55 
 56 
 57 def chr(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 58     """ Return a Unicode string of one character with ordinal i; 0 <= i <= 0x10ffff. """
 59     pass
 60 
 61 
 62 def compile(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 63     """
 64     Compile source into a code object that can be executed by exec() or eval().
 65 
 66     The source code may represent a Python module, statement or expression.
 67     The filename will be used for run-time error messages.
 68     The mode must be 'exec' to compile a module, 'single' to compile a
 69     single (interactive) statement, or 'eval' to compile an expression.
 70     The flags argument, if present, controls which future statements influence
 71     the compilation of the code.
 72     The dont_inherit argument, if true, stops the compilation inheriting
 73     the effects of any future statements in effect in the code calling
 74     compile; if absent or false these statements do influence the compilation,
 75     in addition to any features explicitly specified.
 76     """
 77     pass
 78 
 79 
 80 def copyright(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 81     """
 82     interactive prompt objects for printing the license text, a list of
 83         contributors and the copyright notice.
 84     """
 85     pass
 86 
 87 
 88 def credits(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
 89     """
 90     interactive prompt objects for printing the license text, a list of
 91         contributors and the copyright notice.
 92     """
 93     pass
 94 
 95 
 96 def delattr(x, y):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
 97     """
 98     Deletes the named attribute from the given object.
 99 
100     delattr(x, 'y') is equivalent to ``del x.y''
101     """
102     pass
103 
104 
105 def dir(p_object=None):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
106     """
107     dir([object]) -> list of strings
108 
109     If called without an argument, return the names in the current scope.
110     Else, return an alphabetized list of names comprising (some of) the attributes
111     of the given object, and of attributes reachable from it.
112     If the object supplies a method named __dir__, it will be used; otherwise
113     the default dir() logic is used and returns:
114       for a module object: the module's attributes.
115       for a class object:  its attributes, and recursively the attributes
116         of its bases.
117       for any other object: its attributes, its class's attributes, and
118         recursively the attributes of its class's base classes.
119     """
120     return []
121 
122 
123 def divmod(x, y):  # known case of builtins.divmod
124     """ Return the tuple (x//y, x%y).  Invariant: div*y + mod == x. """
125     return (0, 0)
126 
127 
128 def eval(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
129     """
130     Evaluate the given source in the context of globals and locals.
131 
132     The source may be a string representing a Python expression
133     or a code object as returned by compile().
134     The globals must be a dictionary and locals can be any mapping,
135     defaulting to the current globals and locals.
136     If only globals is given, locals defaults to it.
137     """
138     pass
139 
140 
141 def exec(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
142     """
143     Execute the given source in the context of globals and locals.
144 
145     The source may be a string representing one or more Python statements
146     or a code object as returned by compile().
147     The globals must be a dictionary and locals can be any mapping,
148     defaulting to the current globals and locals.
149     If only globals is given, locals defaults to it.
150     """
151     pass
152 
153 
154 def exit(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
155     pass
156 
157 
158 def format(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
159     """
160     Return value.__format__(format_spec)
161 
162     format_spec defaults to the empty string
163     """
164     pass
165 
166 
167 def getattr(object, name, default=None):  # known special case of getattr
168     """
169     getattr(object, name[, default]) -> value
170 
171     Get a named attribute from an object; getattr(x, 'y') is equivalent to x.y.
172     When a default argument is given, it is returned when the attribute doesn't
173     exist; without it, an exception is raised in that case.
174     """
175     pass
176 
177 
178 def globals(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
179     """
180     Return the dictionary containing the current scope's global variables.
181 
182     NOTE: Updates to this dictionary *will* affect name lookups in the current
183     global scope and vice-versa.
184     """
185     pass
186 
187 
188 def hasattr(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
189     """
190     Return whether the object has an attribute with the given name.
191 
192     This is done by calling getattr(obj, name) and catching AttributeError.
193     """
194     pass
195 
196 
197 def hash(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
198     """
199     Return the hash value for the given object.
200 
201     Two objects that compare equal must also have the same hash value, but the
202     reverse is not necessarily true.
203     """
204     pass
205 
206 
207 def help():  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
208     """
209     Define the builtin 'help'.
210 
211         This is a wrapper around pydoc.help that provides a helpful message
212         when 'help' is typed at the Python interactive prompt.
213 
214         Calling help() at the Python prompt starts an interactive help session.
215         Calling help(thing) prints help for the python object 'thing'.
216     """
217     pass
218 
219 
220 def hex(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown; NOTE: unreliably restored from __doc__
221     """
222     Return the hexadecimal representation of an integer.
223 
224        >>> hex(12648430)
225        '0xc0ffee'
226     """
227     pass
228 
229 
230 def id(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
231     """
232     Return the identity of an object.
233 
234     This is guaranteed to be unique among simultaneously existing objects.
235     (CPython uses the object's memory address.)
236     """
237     pass
238 
239 
240 def input(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
241     """
242     Read a string from standard input.  The trailing newline is stripped.
243 
244     The prompt string, if given, is printed to standard output without a
245     trailing newline before reading input.
246 
247     If the user hits EOF (*nix: Ctrl-D, Windows: Ctrl-Z+Return), raise EOFError.
248     On *nix systems, readline is used if available.
249     """
250     pass
251 
252 
253 def isinstance(x, A_tuple):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
254     """
255     Return whether an object is an instance of a class or of a subclass thereof.
256 
257     A tuple, as in ``isinstance(x, (A, B, ...))``, may be given as the target to
258     check against. This is equivalent to ``isinstance(x, A) or isinstance(x, B)
259     or ...`` etc.
260     """
261     pass
262 
263 
264 def issubclass(x, A_tuple):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
265     """
266     Return whether 'cls' is a derived from another class or is the same class.
267 
268     A tuple, as in ``issubclass(x, (A, B, ...))``, may be given as the target to
269     check against. This is equivalent to ``issubclass(x, A) or issubclass(x, B)
270     or ...`` etc.
271     """
272     pass
273 
274 
275 def iter(source, sentinel=None):  # known special case of iter
276     """
277     iter(iterable) -> iterator
278     iter(callable, sentinel) -> iterator
279 
280     Get an iterator from an object.  In the first form, the argument must
281     supply its own iterator, or be a sequence.
282     In the second form, the callable is called until it returns the sentinel.
283     """
284     pass
285 
286 
287 def len(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
288     """ Return the number of items in a container. """
289     pass
290 
291 
292 def license(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
293     """
294     interactive prompt objects for printing the license text, a list of
295         contributors and the copyright notice.
296     """
297     pass
298 
299 
300 def locals(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
301     """
302     Return a dictionary containing the current scope's local variables.
303 
304     NOTE: Whether or not updates to this dictionary will affect name lookups in
305     the local scope and vice-versa is *implementation dependent* and not
306     covered by any backwards compatibility guarantees.
307     """
308     pass
309 
310 
311 def max(*args, key=None):  # known special case of max
312     """
313     max(iterable, *[, default=obj, key=func]) -> value
314     max(arg1, arg2, *args, *[, key=func]) -> value
315 
316     With a single iterable argument, return its biggest item. The
317     default keyword-only argument specifies an object to return if
318     the provided iterable is empty.
319     With two or more arguments, return the largest argument.
320     """
321     pass
322 
323 
324 def min(*args, key=None):  # known special case of min
325     """
326     min(iterable, *[, default=obj, key=func]) -> value
327     min(arg1, arg2, *args, *[, key=func]) -> value
328 
329     With a single iterable argument, return its smallest item. The
330     default keyword-only argument specifies an object to return if
331     the provided iterable is empty.
332     With two or more arguments, return the smallest argument.
333     """
334     pass
335 
336 
337 def next(iterator, default=None):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
338     """
339     next(iterator[, default])
340 
341     Return the next item from the iterator. If default is given and the iterator
342     is exhausted, it is returned instead of raising StopIteration.
343     """
344     pass
345 
346 
347 def oct(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown; NOTE: unreliably restored from __doc__
348     """
349     Return the octal representation of an integer.
350 
351        >>> oct(342391)
352        '0o1234567'
353     """
354     pass
355 
356 
357 def open(file, mode='r', buffering=None, encoding=None, errors=None, newline=None,
358          closefd=True):  # known special case of open
359     """
360     Open file and return a stream.  Raise IOError upon failure.
361 
362     file is either a text or byte string giving the name (and the path
363     if the file isn't in the current working directory) of the file to
364     be opened or an integer file descriptor of the file to be
365     wrapped. (If a file descriptor is given, it is closed when the
366     returned I/O object is closed, unless closefd is set to False.)
367 
368     mode is an optional string that specifies the mode in which the file
369     is opened. It defaults to 'r' which means open for reading in text
370     mode.  Other common values are 'w' for writing (truncating the file if
371     it already exists), 'x' for creating and writing to a new file, and
372     'a' for appending (which on some Unix systems, means that all writes
373     append to the end of the file regardless of the current seek position).
374     In text mode, if encoding is not specified the encoding used is platform
375     dependent: locale.getpreferredencoding(False) is called to get the
376     current locale encoding. (For reading and writing raw bytes use binary
377     mode and leave encoding unspecified.) The available modes are:
378 
379     ========= ===============================================================
380     Character Meaning
381     --------- ---------------------------------------------------------------
382     'r'       open for reading (default)
383     'w'       open for writing, truncating the file first
384     'x'       create a new file and open it for writing
385     'a'       open for writing, appending to the end of the file if it exists
386     'b'       binary mode
387     't'       text mode (default)
388     '+'       open a disk file for updating (reading and writing)
389     'U'       universal newline mode (deprecated)
390     ========= ===============================================================
391 
392     The default mode is 'rt' (open for reading text). For binary random
393     access, the mode 'w+b' opens and truncates the file to 0 bytes, while
394     'r+b' opens the file without truncation. The 'x' mode implies 'w' and
395     raises an `FileExistsError` if the file already exists.
396 
397     Python distinguishes between files opened in binary and text modes,
398     even when the underlying operating system doesn't. Files opened in
399     binary mode (appending 'b' to the mode argument) return contents as
400     bytes objects without any decoding. In text mode (the default, or when
401     't' is appended to the mode argument), the contents of the file are
402     returned as strings, the bytes having been first decoded using a
403     platform-dependent encoding or using the specified encoding if given.
404 
405     'U' mode is deprecated and will raise an exception in future versions
406     of Python.  It has no effect in Python 3.  Use newline to control
407     universal newlines mode.
408 
409     buffering is an optional integer used to set the buffering policy.
410     Pass 0 to switch buffering off (only allowed in binary mode), 1 to select
411     line buffering (only usable in text mode), and an integer > 1 to indicate
412     the size of a fixed-size chunk buffer.  When no buffering argument is
413     given, the default buffering policy works as follows:
414 
415     * Binary files are buffered in fixed-size chunks; the size of the buffer
416       is chosen using a heuristic trying to determine the underlying device's
417       "block size" and falling back on `io.DEFAULT_BUFFER_SIZE`.
418       On many systems, the buffer will typically be 4096 or 8192 bytes long.
419 
420     * "Interactive" text files (files for which isatty() returns True)
421       use line buffering.  Other text files use the policy described above
422       for binary files.
423 
424     encoding is the name of the encoding used to decode or encode the
425     file. This should only be used in text mode. The default encoding is
426     platform dependent, but any encoding supported by Python can be
427     passed.  See the codecs module for the list of supported encodings.
428 
429     errors is an optional string that specifies how encoding errors are to
430     be handled---this argument should not be used in binary mode. Pass
431     'strict' to raise a ValueError exception if there is an encoding error
432     (the default of None has the same effect), or pass 'ignore' to ignore
433     errors. (Note that ignoring encoding errors can lead to data loss.)
434     See the documentation for codecs.register or run 'help(codecs.Codec)'
435     for a list of the permitted encoding error strings.
436 
437     newline controls how universal newlines works (it only applies to text
438     mode). It can be None, '', '\n', '\r', and '\r\n'.  It works as
439     follows:
440 
441     * On input, if newline is None, universal newlines mode is
442       enabled. Lines in the input can end in '\n', '\r', or '\r\n', and
443       these are translated into '\n' before being returned to the
444       caller. If it is '', universal newline mode is enabled, but line
445       endings are returned to the caller untranslated. If it has any of
446       the other legal values, input lines are only terminated by the given
447       string, and the line ending is returned to the caller untranslated.
448 
449     * On output, if newline is None, any '\n' characters written are
450       translated to the system default line separator, os.linesep. If
451       newline is '' or '\n', no translation takes place. If newline is any
452       of the other legal values, any '\n' characters written are translated
453       to the given string.
454 
455     If closefd is False, the underlying file descriptor will be kept open
456     when the file is closed. This does not work when a file name is given
457     and must be True in that case.
458 
459     A custom opener can be used by passing a callable as *opener*. The
460     underlying file descriptor for the file object is then obtained by
461     calling *opener* with (*file*, *flags*). *opener* must return an open
462     file descriptor (passing os.open as *opener* results in functionality
463     similar to passing None).
464 
465     open() returns a file object whose type depends on the mode, and
466     through which the standard file operations such as reading and writing
467     are performed. When open() is used to open a file in a text mode ('w',
468     'r', 'wt', 'rt', etc.), it returns a TextIOWrapper. When used to open
469     a file in a binary mode, the returned class varies: in read binary
470     mode, it returns a BufferedReader; in write binary and append binary
471     modes, it returns a BufferedWriter, and in read/write mode, it returns
472     a BufferedRandom.
473 
474     It is also possible to use a string or bytearray as a file for both
475     reading and writing. For strings StringIO can be used like a file
476     opened in a text mode, and for bytes a BytesIO can be used like a file
477     opened in a binary mode.
478     """
479     pass
480 
481 
482 def ord(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
483     """ Return the Unicode code point for a one-character string. """
484     pass
485 
486 
487 def pow(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
488     """
489     Equivalent to x**y (with two arguments) or x**y % z (with three arguments)
490 
491     Some types, such as ints, are able to use a more efficient algorithm when
492     invoked using the three argument form.
493     """
494     pass
495 
496 
497 def print(self, *args, sep=' ', end='\n', file=None):  # known special case of print
498     """
499     print(value, ..., sep=' ', end='\n', file=sys.stdout, flush=False)
500 
501     Prints the values to a stream, or to sys.stdout by default.
502     Optional keyword arguments:
503     file:  a file-like object (stream); defaults to the current sys.stdout.
504     sep:   string inserted between values, default a space.
505     end:   string appended after the last value, default a newline.
506     flush: whether to forcibly flush the stream.
507     """
508     pass
509 
510 
511 def quit(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
512     pass
513 
514 
515 def repr(obj):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
516     """
517     Return the canonical string representation of the object.
518 
519     For many object types, including most builtins, eval(repr(obj)) == obj.
520     """
521     pass
522 
523 
524 def round(number, ndigits=None):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
525     """
526     round(number[, ndigits]) -> number
527 
528     Round a number to a given precision in decimal digits (default 0 digits).
529     This returns an int when called with one argument, otherwise the
530     same type as the number. ndigits may be negative.
531     """
532     return 0
533 
534 
535 def setattr(x, y, v):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
536     """
537     Sets the named attribute on the given object to the specified value.
538 
539     setattr(x, 'y', v) is equivalent to ``x.y = v''
540     """
541     pass
542 
543 
544 def sorted(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
545     """
546     Return a new list containing all items from the iterable in ascending order.
547 
548     A custom key function can be supplied to customise the sort order, and the
549     reverse flag can be set to request the result in descending order.
550     """
551     pass
552 
553 
554 def sum(*args, **kwargs):  # real signature unknown
555     """
556     Return the sum of a 'start' value (default: 0) plus an iterable of numbers
557 
558     When the iterable is empty, return the start value.
559     This function is intended specifically for use with numeric values and may
560     reject non-numeric types.
561     """
562     pass
563 
564 
565 def vars(p_object=None):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
566     """
567     vars([object]) -> dictionary
568 
569     Without arguments, equivalent to locals().
570     With an argument, equivalent to object.__dict__.
571     """
572     return {}
573 
574 
575 def __build_class__(func, name, *bases, metaclass=None, **kwds):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
576     """
577     __build_class__(func, name, *bases, metaclass=None, **kwds) -> class
578 
579     Internal helper function used by the class statement.
580     """
581     pass
582 
583 
584 def __import__(name, globals=None, locals=None, fromlist=(), level=0):  # real signature unknown; restored from __doc__
585     """
586     __import__(name, globals=None, locals=None, fromlist=(), level=0) -> module
587 
588     Import a module. Because this function is meant for use by the Python
589     interpreter and not for general use it is better to use
590     importlib.import_module() to programmatically import a module.
591 
592     The globals argument is only used to determine the context;
593     they are not modified.  The locals argument is unused.  The fromlist
594     should be a list of names to emulate ``from name import ...'', or an
595     empty list to emulate ``import name''.
596     When importing a module from a package, note that __import__('A.B', ...)
597     returns package A when fromlist is empty, but its submodule B when
598     fromlist is not empty.  Level is used to determine whether to perform
599     absolute or relative imports. 0 is absolute while a positive number
600     is the number of parent directories to search relative to the current module.
601     """
602     pass

 

Link of this Article: 4. built-in function summary

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